RBI fines 4 PSUs ₹2000 cr for delayed investment reporting: Report


RBI fines 4 PSUs for late reporting of overseas investments

RBI has fined ONGC Videsh, Indian Oil Corporation, GAIL (India) and Oil India Limited ₹2,000 crore for delayed reporting of overseas investments, Mint reported. The PSUs may make efforts to secure an extension from RBI for the fine. The Oil Ministry reportedly believes responsibility to report overseas investments lies with authorised dealer bank, which is SBI for the 4 PSUs.

State Bank of India (SBI) is the authorized dealer (AD) bank for these public sector undertakings’ (PSUs’) foreign transactions.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has levied late submission fees (LSF) amounting to ₹2,000 crore on several prominent Indian companies, including ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL), Indian Oil Corp. Ltd, GAIL (India) Ltd, and Oil India Ltd. These penalties have been imposed due to the delayed reporting of their overseas investments. According to sources familiar with the matter, the RBI has taken this action as a response to the failure of these companies to promptly submit required information regarding their foreign investments.

The imposition of such significant penalties underscores the importance of timely and accurate reporting in the realm of overseas investments. The RBI’s decision to levy these fines highlights the regulatory commitment to upholding transparency and accountability in financial transactions and investments carried out by Indian corporations on the international stage.

It is crucial to note that these penalties come in the wake of a trend toward stricter regulatory oversight, especially in matters concerning financial transactions and investments. Governments and regulatory bodies across the globe are increasingly emphasizing the necessity of adhering to reporting deadlines and complying with regulatory requirements to ensure the stability and integrity of financial systems.

The impacted companies, which are prominent players in India’s energy sector, are likely to face financial repercussions as a result of these penalties. The significant sum of ₹2,000 crore underscores the severity of the RBI’s response to the late submission of investment-related information.

Furthermore, this development underscores the need for companies to proactively manage their reporting obligations when engaging in overseas investments. Accurate and timely reporting not only ensures compliance with regulatory requirements but also promotes transparency and accountability, which are fundamental principles of a well-functioning financial ecosystem.

The RBI’s decision to impose substantial penalties on these major corporations serves as a reminder to all businesses, regardless of their size or industry, about the importance of adhering to reporting deadlines and fulfilling regulatory obligations. It also underscores the potential financial implications that can arise from non-compliance.

As India continues to position itself as a key player in the global economy, regulatory vigilance and the enforcement of compliance standards become even more critical. The penalties imposed on these energy sector giants are a clear demonstration of the RBI’s commitment to maintaining the integrity and stability of India’s financial landscape while ensuring that companies fulfill their obligations and responsibilities in a timely and accurate manner.

The decision by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to impose late submission fees (LSF) of ₹500 crore each on four state-run energy majors – ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL), Indian Oil Corp. Ltd, GAIL (India) Ltd, and Oil India Ltd – for delayed reporting of their overseas investments could potentially have significant repercussions on their overseas work commitments. The substantial fines imposed by the RBI highlight the urgency for these companies to seek an extension and address the financial impact of the penalties.

The imposition of these fees not only serves as a financial burden but also raises concerns about the potential disruption of their ongoing international operations. These state-run energy giants are likely to face challenges in managing their overseas work commitments while also addressing the regulatory penalties imposed by the RBI.

In response to the penalties, it is expected that these companies will actively engage with the RBI to secure an extension for the payment of the fines and to mitigate the potential disruptions caused by the penalties. Seeking an extension could provide these energy majors with additional time to address their financial obligations while ensuring that their overseas operations remain unaffected.

The decision to impose substantial late submission fees underlines the RBI’s commitment to enforcing compliance with reporting deadlines and regulatory requirements. This proactive regulatory stance reflects the growing emphasis on transparency, accountability, and adherence to regulatory standards in financial transactions and investments.

The state-run energy companies’ efforts to negotiate an extension with the RBI illustrate the complex balance between fulfilling financial obligations and sustaining operational activities. Such negotiations are crucial in ensuring that companies can continue their international ventures while addressing their regulatory responsibilities.

Ultimately, this situation serves as a reminder to businesses operating on the global stage about the importance of meticulous adherence to reporting timelines and regulatory obligations. It underscores the potential consequences of non-compliance and the need for proactive measures to manage such situations effectively.

As these state-run energy majors navigate the challenges posed by the RBI’s penalties, their ability to secure an extension and manage their financial obligations will be closely watched. The outcome of their negotiations with the RBI will shed light on the willingness of regulatory authorities to accommodate reasonable requests while upholding the integrity of financial regulations.

The penalties imposed on ONGC Videsh Ltd, Indian Oil Corp. Ltd, GAIL (India) Ltd, and Oil India Ltd reflect the broader regulatory landscape’s increasing focus on accountability, adherence to deadlines, and the importance of accurate reporting. While the immediate impact on these companies’ overseas work commitments is a concern, their proactive efforts to engage with the RBI demonstrate their commitment to finding a balanced solution that ensures both regulatory compliance and operational continuity.

The State Bank of India (SBI) holds the designation of being the authorized dealer (AD) bank responsible for managing the foreign transactions of these public sector undertakings (PSUs). One of the crucial roles of the AD bank is to handle the reporting and reconciliation of their overseas direct investments (ODIs) in accordance with the specified timelines and regulatory guidelines.

This responsibility involves overseeing and managing the documentation, processes, and compliance associated with the PSUs’ foreign transactions and investments. By fulfilling its role as the AD bank, SBI plays a pivotal role in ensuring the transparency, accuracy, and adherence to regulatory requirements in the PSUs’ foreign financial activities.

The oil ministry, which functions as the primary coordinating ministry for these public sector undertakings (PSUs), holds the viewpoint that the obligation of reporting these transactions rests with the State Bank of India (SBI) rather than being the direct responsibility of the PSUs themselves.

This perspective implies that the oil ministry considers SBI, as the authorized dealer (AD) bank, to be primarily accountable for ensuring the accurate and timely reporting of these overseas transactions carried out by the PSUs. This stance underscores the ministry’s belief in the role of SBI as the key entity responsible for overseeing and managing the documentation and reporting procedures associated with the PSUs’ foreign financial activities.

A senior executive from Indian Oil Corp. highlighted that in accordance with a notification issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on August 22, 2022, specific restrictions have been implemented concerning the remittance or transfer of funds. According to these restrictions, authorized dealer banks are prohibited from facilitating any outward remittance or financial commitment by an individual residing in India towards a foreign entity until the situation involving delayed reporting is rectified.

To address this matter, the PSUs have taken proactive steps, including requesting an extension from the RBI to ensure the seamless continuity of operations and the effective functioning of their overseas subsidiaries. Additionally, efforts are underway to reconcile the late submission fee in collaboration with the SBI ODI (overseas direct investment) Cell. This demonstrates the PSUs’ commitment to addressing the issue in a comprehensive manner while safeguarding their overseas activities and operations.

Another source familiar with the situation also indicated that efforts are actively underway to resolve the matter and reach a resolution. This source mentioned that a positive resolution is expected to be achieved in the near future, although they preferred to remain anonymous.

In line with the regulations outlined in RBI’s Foreign Exchange Management (Overseas Investment) Regulations, 2022, entities that fail to submit required investment evidence within the specified timeframe are subject to a late submission fee. This fee, introduced by the RBI with retrospective effect through FEM (OI) Regulation, 2000, pertains to the regularization of ODI-related data submission by companies to the RBI.

This process involves a specific Unique Identification Number (UIN) assigned to each project through the authorized dealer (AD) banks. It encompasses a significant number of ODI remittances that have been processed since 2000. The SBI, as the authorized dealer bank, has consistently reported all ODIs to the RBI based on the documents furnished by the remitting entities, adhering to the applicable guidelines at the respective times.

An SBI spokesperson affirmed this commitment, stating that the bank has consistently fulfilled its reporting obligations regarding ODIs to the RBI in line with the established guidelines. However, queries directed to various relevant parties, including RBI, the ministries of petroleum and natural gas and finance, as well as OVL, Indian Oil, and GAIL, have yet to receive responses.

As outlined in the RBI’s notification on the Foreign Exchange Management (Overseas Investment) Regulations, 2022, the provisions stipulate that a person residing in India who has already made a financial commitment in a foreign entity in accordance with the relevant Act, rules, or regulations, is subject to certain restrictions.

Specifically, such an individual is prohibited from making any additional financial commitment, whether it is fund-based or non-fund-based, either directly or indirectly, towards the said foreign entity. Furthermore, the notification emphasizes that the transfer of such investment is also restricted until any delay in reporting the relevant information is duly regularized.

This regulation underscores the RBI’s commitment to ensuring transparency and timely reporting in overseas investments made by individuals residing in India. By imposing restrictions on further financial commitments and transfers until the reporting delay is rectified, the RBI aims to uphold the integrity of the foreign exchange management framework and encourage prompt compliance with reporting obligations. It is important for individuals and entities to adhere to these regulations to maintain the orderly and well-regulated conduct of financial transactions involving foreign entities.

The aggregate investment made by state-owned enterprises in overseas oil and gas assets currently amounts to approximately $36.55 billion, encompassing a diverse portfolio of 55 assets distributed across 25 countries.

In the context of ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL), it is emphasized that the company is diligently adhering to all pertinent RBI guidelines pertaining to remittances concerning its various overseas projects. The company affirms that there are no prevailing RBI restrictions affecting its international transactions. This assertion underscores OVL’s commitment to maintaining compliance with regulatory frameworks and conducting its overseas operations in accordance with established guidelines.

As regulatory compliance remains a paramount consideration in international financial transactions, the adherence of state-owned enterprises such as OVL to relevant RBI regulations is pivotal in ensuring the proper and transparent functioning of their investments abroad.

The imposition of a cumulative late submission fee amounting to ₹500 crore on ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) for delayed reporting of foreign investments is reportedly without a substantive basis, according to knowledgeable sources.

The rationale for this assertion stems from the evolving reporting mechanism facilitated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for overseas investments. The transition from manual reporting to an online reporting system on the RBI portal, executed by banks, has been a progressive development. It is noteworthy that the corporate entities, including OVL, do not possess direct access to the RBI portal.


To facilitate compliance, a comprehensive reconciliation of historical data with the RBI portal was undertaken, a process that has been successfully concluded. It is further emphasized that OVL has consistently demonstrated adherence to reporting requisites for overseas investments. Given this context, the expectation is that any associated fee incurred by OVL due to reporting-related matters is anticipated to be minimal.

This underscores OVL’s commitment to complying with regulatory directives and engaging in transparent and responsible reporting practices in its overseas endeavors. The assertion reinforces OVL’s proactive approach to ensuring adherence to RBI guidelines and upholding the integrity of its financial operations on the global stage.

Concurrently, Oil India Ltd has affirmed its adherence to the RBI’s stipulated guidelines pertaining to remittances for its overseas projects. This commitment reinforces the company’s dedication to regulatory compliance and transparent financial practices in the context of its international ventures.



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